Electric Vehicle Law

Here at E Rider, the most common questions we’re asked surround electric bike laws in the UK. With so many different electric bikes out there, from mopeds to motorbikes and of course pedal assisted electric bicycles, it’s all too easy to get confused when it comes to UK bike law. On this page, we’re going to give you all the information you need. 

We’re going to make it clear, concise and to the point to ensure you know exactly what’s required of you when purchasing the electric bike of your choice. From road legal electric bike requirements such as licenses and insurance to the legal moped age in the UK; everything you need to know is right here.

Electric Bikes

E Bikes, or pedal assisted bikes as they’re also known, do not require a license of any kind as long as the motor is rated less than 250W or the speed remains on or below 15.5mph. Riders do however, have to be a minimum of 14 years of age. 

For E bikes with a limited speed, the motor will only usually assist up to the speed of 15.5mph after which it will cut out and you’ll need to continue pedalling in order to continue and gain further speed. To make the electric bike regulations in the UK a little easier to understand, we’ve broken it down:

E Bikes that produce less than 250W or 15.5mph

  • DO NOT require a license
  • Riders must be a minimum of 14 years of age
  • DO NOT require registration or insurance

Electric Mopeds & Scooters

If however, the bike has the ability to push past the 15.5mph limit but is still limited to 28mph, then this is usually referred to as an electric moped or scooter and will be classed as a L1e-B category vehicle. For this reason, it requires registration with the DVLA in order for it to be used on a public roadway. 

To give you a better idea, they can be thought of much like a Honda 50cc petrol moped which not only requires a number plate to be fitted and a minimum of third party road insurance but the rider must also be at the very least, 16 years of age. 

On top of this, riders are legally required to wear a crash helmet while possessing a minimum of a CBT driving license. If however, the driver passed their test before February 2001, then they’ll have category AM or P already on their license which is the equivalent to a CBT and are therefore not required to take a CBT test.

If the bike in question is capable of speeds over 28mph, then they’ll be classed as a L3e-A1 and must be a minimum of 17 years of age. Here’s a quick breakdown on electric moped UK law to make it easier to understand:

Electric Mopeds & Scooters that produce more than 250W up to 30mph

  • Must be registered with DVLA
  • Must have a minimum of third party insurance 
  • Riders require a CBT as a minimum
  • Bikes must have a license plate displayed
  • Riders must be a minimum of 16 years of age
  • If riders passed their test before 2001, they will not need to take a CBT test
  • Riders must wear a crash helmet
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Electric Motorbikes

Electric motorbikes, while often confused with electric mopeds and scooters, are a totally different  category all on their own. Electric motorbikes, classed as L3e-A1, push the 28mph speed limit however, they have no speed that they’re limited too.

This means any electric bike that’s capable of speeds past 28mph will be classed as an electric motorbike. For this reason, anyone driving an electric motorbike will need to be at least 17 years old. 

In terms of licenses, they must also have a minimum of a CBT or have a full motorcycle license (this is advised if your motorcycle is capable of much higher speeds).

Just as is required with electric mopeds and scooters, riders must possess a minimum of third party insurance in order to ride on public highways and must, at all times, wear a crash helmet. Once again, here’s a breakdown of electric motorcycle UK law:

Electric Motorcycles that produce more than 28mph but have no upper limit

  • Must be registered with DVLA
  • Must have a minimum of third party insurance 
  • Riders require a CBT as a minimum, though full motorbike license is advised
  • Bikes must have a license plate displayed
  • Riders must be a minimum of 17 years of age
  • If riders passed their test before 2001, they will not need to take a CBT test
  • Riders must wear a crash helmet

Contact E Rider Today For More Information

We hope the above information has not only helped answer your questions surrounding motorised bicycle UK law and of course electric moped/motorbike UK law but has given you more clarity when it comes to the differences between different bikes and their capabilities.

Here at E Rider, we specialise in all things electric bike, regardless of power and our experience and knowledge is here to help make your electric bike journey as easy as possible. We’re here to answer any and all questions you may have from, “are electric bikes legal on the roads?” to, “what license will I need for my electric bike/moped?”

We’re here to make sure you understand not only what you need but what’s required of you legally to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience at all times. Contact us today on 01928 583030